Fuir la Pologne et survivre à la Shoah en Union soviétique

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New article by Thomas Chopard

Thomas Chopard, « Fuir la Pologne et survivre à la Shoah en Union soviétique », Revue d’histoire moderne et contemporaine, no 69, 3-2022, p. 50-80.

This article analyzes the flight and survival during World War II of Jews from Poland to the Soviet Union, which was the main place of survival for Polish Jews. As part of the Lubartworld project, the article takes a transnational microhistory approach by simultaneously analyzing the individual characteristics and trajectories of Jews in the city of Lubartów, near Lublin. The Jewish population that fled the city in the autumn of 1939 in the face of the German advance, and even more so the one that survived in the Soviet Union, was distinguished by a certain number of traits: youth, family network, absence of children, pre-war inclination to mobility, and male predominance. By analyzing Soviet policies for managing these foreign populations and studying their trajectories, the article distinguishes between the different forms of mobility experienced by Lubartowian Jews, while emphasizing the intertwining of experiences in Soviet territory, marked by deportation to the Gulag, enlistment for work, evacuation and flight.